Characteristics of a 0-1 month old baby

 

• Growth is fastest between 0-3 years.


Characteristics of physical growth:


• Average height is 50 cm and average weight is between 2.5 and 4 kg.
• The baby sleeps 16 to 20 hours per day.
• The head appears to be wide, the nose is flat, and the face is around.
• Body temperature is not fixed.
• The baby automatically withdraws its feet towards its chest when you touch the soles of his feet.
• The structure of the bone is in the form of ???.  This tissue becomes solid in time.
• His hand is in the shape of a fist.
• The baby does not raise his head, and he can not turn while sleeping.
• The baby presses his fingers when you touch inside of his palm.
• He cannot sit.
• The baby tries to control his head when he’s laid face down.


Mental characteristics:


• The baby’s mental growth is centered on movement and perception.
• It is possible to see reflexive action as of birth.
• This behavior is not intentional.
• The baby is constantly learning and requires an environment rich with stimulants.


Perceptive and sensory characteristics:


• The baby becomes aware of the shiny objects and schematic shapes within his vision area.  It is easier for him to see the objects that are brought closer to him because his ability to see is weak.
• The baby’s eyes become dazzled in bright light, he closes his eyes, he can look at the same light with both eyes.
• The baby is interested in the human face.
• He cannot see objects in a clear way.
• The baby’s ability to hear has formed while in the womb so he can here as well as adults.
• The baby’s hearing capacity is better than his seeing capacity.
• He can recognize the sound of certain objects (rattles, etc)
• A week old baby can distinguish his mother’s voice from other voices but he cannot separate between his father’s voice and other male voices.
• He can understand what is salty, sour, hot or salty.
• He knows the difference between the scent of his mother and the scent of other people as of 1 to 2 weeks.
• He can feel the mother’s skin.


Linguistic characteristics:


• Even while crying the baby practices speech.
• He takes short and deep breaths and this forms the basis of longer speech requiring deeper breathing.
• The baby makes noise while crying and while doing so he has the opportunity to repeat lip, chin and tongue movements.  This way he also improves his voice and breathing skills.
• He cries at irregular intervals during the first two weeks because he’s sleepy.
• As of the second week until the third and fourth weeks, the baby usually cries less.  He usually cries louldy 3 to 4 times a day like a fit.  This usually indicates a physical problem.

 

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